Tag Archives: Noun

Plural Noun

 

Plural Noun

Nouns refer to objects and concepts that either can or cannot be counted. Accordingly, only the so-called countable nouns can have a plural form. The plural of countable nouns in English is formed by adding to their singular form the suffix -s or -es, which is pronounced [z] after vowels and voiced consonants (days, dogs), [s] after voiceless consonants (books), and [iz] after -s, -sh, -ch, -x, -z (horses, watches, boxes). The variant -es is used when the singular form of a word ends in -s, -sh, -ch, -x, -z, or -o with a preceding consonant.

Example:

table> tables; sea> seas; John> Johns; wish> wishes; potato> potatoes. Also note the spelling changes fe> ve, consonant+y> ie: knife> knives; city> cities.

Exceptions:

Plural of the following English nouns is non-standard: man> men; woman> women; foot> feet; tooth> teeth; mouse> mice; child> children; louse> lice; goose> geese; ox> oxen. Some nouns borrowed from Greek and Latin have a special plural form: basis> bases; crisis> crises; phenomenon> phenomena; datum> data; stimulus> stimuli; cactus> cacti. The following nouns have the same form in singular and plural: (this/these) fish, sheep, swine, deer, craft, means, works, headquarters. Manywidely used nouns designating symmetrical objects have only a plural form: trousers, pants, shorts, jeans, trunks, braces, scissors, tongs, scales, glasses, spectacles.

Case

Just like singular nouns, plural nouns also have the possessive case, which is formed by appending an apostrophe to the regular plural suffix -s (pronunciation is not changed) or by using the possessive ending -‘s with non-standard plural forms.

Example:

doctors’ offices; knives’ blades; children’s play, these fish’s migration.

 

 

Noun English Grammar

Noun English Grammar 

Noun is a part of speech that describes an object, a person, or a concept. It answers the question ‘what is it?’ or ‘who is it’?. English nouns often have an article ‘a’ or ‘the’ (Articles). English nouns have categories of number and case. Nouns are often accompanied by a modifier

Gender:

A grammatical category of gender does not exist in modern English. The concept of gender reveals itself only with regard to animate objects. When pronouns are used to designate such objects, their choice is determined not by the grammatical gender of the nouns they substitute, as in many other languages, but by the natural sex of persons or animals they refer to. For example, the word ‘cat’ can be replaced by the pronoun ‘he’ or ‘she’ depending on the sex of the actual animal. All nouns designating inanimate objects can be replaced by the pronoun ‘it’. Pronoun ‘it’ is also used to refer to animals whose sex is unknown or not relevant in a given context.

Example:

boy = he; mom = she; play = it (no gender); wolf = it (wild animal, sex unknown); sun = it (no gender).

Exception:

Traditionally, pronoun ‘she’ is used to refer to inanimate objects such as cars, ships, and countries.

 

Case:

English nouns have only two grammatical cases: common and possessive. Common case is the main form of a noun, in which it would appear in a dictionary. In this case words do not have any special endings. Possessive case of nouns serves to define the relationship of belonging of one object or concept to another. A singular noun in the possessive case has the ending -‘s, which is pronounced [z] after vowels and voiced consonants (play’s end; friend’s book), [s] after voiceless consonants (wolf’s fang), and [iz] after -s, -sh, -ch, -x, -z (rose’s smell; brush’s handle). Proper nouns that end in -s can either append the regular ending -‘s or just an apostrophe (Dickens’s novel or Dickens’ novel); it is pronounced [iz] in either case. Possessive case of plural nouns(Plural Noun).

Function

A noun can function in the sentence as subject, object, or modifier. When used as objects, English nouns do not change their form but are often accompanied by prepositions. In English a noun may serve as a modifier to another noun without changing its form.

Example:

state border; iron will; shoe store; brick building