IELTS Band Scales

IELTS Band Scales

This exam tests your ability to use English. Score in each of the subtest and an overall (average) score is recorded as levels of ability, called Bands. Highest : 9 bands for each of the four language macro skills – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. The above information is listed on the Test Report Form. The nine bands of language ability are described in general terms as follows:

Band 9 Expert User
Has fully operational command of the language: appropriate, accurate and fluent with complete understanding.

Band 8 Very Good User
Has fully operational command of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriacies. Misunderstandings may occur in unfamiliar situations. Handles complex detailed argumentation well.

Band 7 Good User
Has operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings in some situations. Generally handles complex language well and understands detailed reasoning.

Band 6 Competent User
Has generally effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings. Can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.

Band 5 Modest User
Has partial command of the language, coping with overall meaning in most situations, though is likely to make many mistakes. Should be able to handle basic communication in own field.

Band 4 Limited User
Basic competence is limited to familiar situations. Has frequent problems in understanding and expression. Is not able to use complex language.

Band 3 Extremently Limited User
Conveys and understands only general meaning in very familiar situations. Frequent breakdowns in communication occur.

Band 2 Intermittent User
No real communication is possible except for the most basic information using isolated words or short formulae in familiar situations and to meet immediate needs. Has great difficulty understanding spoken and written English.

Band 1 Non User
Essentially has no ability to use the language beyond possibly a few isolated words.

IELTS Avoid Language Bias

IELTS Avoid Language Bias

Suggestions for avoiding language that reinforces stereotypes or excludes certain
groups of people.

Race Ethnicity, and National Origin
Sexual Orientation
Depersonalization of Persons with Disabilities or Illnesses
Patronizing or Demeaning Expressions
Language That Excludes or Unnecessarily Emphasizes Differences

Sexism is the most difficult bias to avoid, in part because of the convention of using man or
men and he or his to refer to people of either sex. Other, more disrespectful conventions
include giving descriptions of women in terms of age and appearance while describing men
in terms of accomplishment.
Avoid This        Use This Instead
mankind,           human beings, humans,
man                   humankind, humanity, people,
society, men and women
man-made         synthetic, artificial
man in the street    average person, ordinary person

Using gender-neutral terms for occupations, positions, roles, etc.
Terms that specify a particular sex can unnecessarily perpetuate certain stereotypes when
used generically.
Avoid This          Use This Instead
anchorman        anchor
bellman,            bellboy
businessman      businessperson, executive, manager, business owner, retailer, etc.
chairman chair,  chairperson
cleaning lady,     housecleaner, housekeeper, cleaning person, office cleaner
girl, maid
clergyman member of the clergy, rabbi, priest, etc.

clergymen          the clergy
congressman      representative, member of Congress, legislator

Race, Ethnicity, and National Origin
Some words and phrases that refer to racial and ethnic groups are clearly offensive. Other
words (e.g., Oriental, colored) are outdated or inaccurate. Hispanic is generally accepted
as a broad term for Spanish-speaking people of the Western Hemisphere, but more
specific terms (Latino, Mexican American) are also acceptable and in some cases
Avoid This         Use This Instead
colored,               black, African-American (generally preferred to Afro-American)
Oriental,             Asian or more specific designation such as Pacific Islander, Chinese
Asiatic                American, Korean Indian Indian properly refers to people who live in or                                 come from India. American Indian, Native American, and more specific                                 designations (Chinook, Hopi) are usually preferred when referring to the                               native peoples of the Western hemisphere.

Eskimo                Inuit, Alaska Natives

native (n.)          native peoples, early inhabitants, aboriginal peoples (but not aborigines)

The concept of aging is changing as people are living longer and more active lives. Be
aware of word choices that reinforce stereotypes (decrepit, senile) and avoid mentioning
age unless it is relevant.
Avoid This                        Use This Instead

elderly, aged,                     older person, senior citizen(s), older people, seniors
old, geriatric,
the elderly,
the aged

Sexual Orientation
The term homosexual to describe a man or woman is increasingly replaced by the terms
gay for men and lesbian for women. Homosexual as a noun is sometimes used only in
reference to a male. Among homosexuals, certain terms (such as queer and dyke) that are
usually considered offensive have been gaining currency in recent years. However, it is still
prudent to avoid these terms in standard contexts.


Avoiding Depersonalization of Persons with Disabilities or Illnesses

Terminology that emphasizes the person rather than the disability is generally preferred.
Handicap is used to refer to the environmental barrier that affects the person. (Stairs
handicap a person who uses a wheelchair.) While words such as crazy, demented, and
insane are used in facetious or informal contexts, these terms are not used to describe
people with clinical diagnoses of mental illness. The euphemisms challenged, differently
abled, and special are preferred by some people, but are often ridiculed and are best

Avoid This                    Use This Instead

Mongoloid                      person with Down syndrome

wheelchair-bound          person who uses a wheelchair

Avoiding Patronizing or Demeaning Expressions
These are expressions which can offend, regardless of intention. References to age, sex,
religion, race, and the like should only be included if they are relevant.
Avoid This                      Use This Instead
girls (when                        women
referring to adult
women), the fair

IELTS Speaking task 1, 2

ielts boss

IELTS Speaking task 1, 2

Part One
Where are you from?
Can you describe your hometown?
Is your hometown famous for any think?
What are your local industries?
What important changes have taken place recently in your town?
Part Two
I’d like you to describe last holiday (in detail)
You should say
With whom?
The destination,
How long did it take you to get to the destination?
And explain why it was good / bad

Part One
Where is your hometown located in your country?
What is the best of your hometown?
Now I’d like to ask you a few questions about friendship.

Do you like to play with your family or friends?
Do you like to have one or two close friends or more friends? Why?

Part Two
Which clothes do you like?
Tell me the prescript on clothes when you are working or studying at
your university?
Part Three
We’ve been talking about school uniform and I’d like to discuss with
you one or two question related to this. Let’s consider:
Compare the different between the older and younger people on clothes.
How do the older people think of the youngster’s dressing habit?

Part 1
What has the weather been like lately where you are living?
Is this typical of weather for this time of year?
Is this your hometown?
Describe your favourite part of your hometown?
What is do special about this place?
Is this area going to change or do you expect it to always be the same?
In what way?
Part 2
I’d like you to describe a travel experience you have.
You should say
Where did you travel?
What was there?
Why did you come there?
And explain what you expected it to be like before you went and
whether it lived up to your expectations.
Part 3
The tourism industry
1. Compare the tourist trip of local people and foreign visitors to your
2. Evaluate how important tourism is to your country.
3. Discuss any disadvantages you think there may be for xyz (your
country ) in having a large tourist industry


Common connective words to be used

Common connective words to be used

While taking this test, many non native english speakers do not properly join 2 small
sentences. The proper use of connectives mentioned below will be helpful. Try to use
them in your sentences.

Familiarity with these words would be useful in all IELTS test modules.
Common connective words indicating:


Common connective words to be used

60 IELTS speaking questions New

IELTS speaking questions by

IELTS speaking questions by

60 IELTS speaking questions New

IELTS speaking topics (new)
1. What is the meaning of your name?
2. Does your name affect your personality?
3. Tell me something about your hometown.
4. What are the differences in accent between your hometown and
5. What is the character of the people like in your hometown?
6. What is people’s favourite food in the region where you live?
7. Do you think that people have enough time for leisure now?
8. Are there any historic monuments in your region?
9. Describe your Job? How do you spend your typical day?
10. Tell me something about the Hue Festival.
11. How have weddings changed in recent years?
12. Tell me something about the <Holi> Festival. <change with the
festival name of your country>
13. Describe a traditional wedding ceremony.
14. Name a person whom you admire? Why? What influence does he /
she has on your life? Would you like to become like him / her in future?
15. Are there any traditions concerning the birth of a baby?
16. How do you like <The test city> Compare it to your hometown.
How did you get to this place?
17. What place do you like best in Hanoi?
18. What places in Delhi should a foreigner visit?
19. What places would you recommend a visitor to go to in your
20. If you had the choice, where would you choose to live in India?
21. Which parts of India would you recommend a foreigner to visit?
22. Tell me something about your family.
23. Which is your favourite colour?
24. Do you think colours influence our life? How?
25. Which is the best place you’ve been to in India?
26. Who does most of the household chores in your family?
27. Are the traditional sexual roles within the family changing?
28. Why is the divorce rate increasing so rapidly? Is it a problem?
29. What is your opinion of the planning family policy?
30. How do you discipline your child?
31. Is it acceptable for couples to live together without marrying?
32. If you had the choice, would you have a son or a daughter?
33. Are you going to bring your child up any differently to the way your
parents did?
34. What hopes do you have for your child? (if you are married)
35. Do women still have too heavy a burden in their day to day life?
36. Is the increasing influence of the West largely a positive or negative
37. Are you looking forward to anything in particular in Australia / UK /
38. What do you do in your leisure time?
39. What will you do if you fail the IELTS?
ielts speaking topics / questions asked in oral speech exam[12/09/2011 18:41:14]
40. Who should bear the responsibility for payment of tuition fees?
41. What can be done to improve education in rural areas?
42. Have recent changes affected your job in any way?
43. Do you agree with private education? Why?
44. What can be done to close the gap between urban and rural areas?
45. If you had the power, what changes would you carry out within
46. Describe a typical working day for you
47. How do you see yourself in ten years time?
48. If you had the opportunity to change your job, what would you do
49. If you had one million dollars, what would you do with it?
50. If you could start your life again, would you do anything differently?
51. What ambitions do you have?
52. Which country/place would you most like to visit?
53. What changes do you think India will see in the next few years?
54. Will any possible future changes affect your job in any way?
55. How do you think you will cope abroad?
56. How does it feel to go abroad for the first time?
57. Are you looking forward to anything in particular in Australia / UK /
58. What do you do in your leisure time?
59. What will you do if you fail the IELTS?
60. Why are you giveing IELTS? What course / job do you intend to
pursue after IELTS.?
This is a probable list of questions that may be asked in speaking
component of english (speech exam) Being confident as public speakers
does help a lot in the exam.


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